What are bifacial solar panels?




Bifacial solar PV panels are built using solar cells on both sides. A bifacial solar PV panel is capable of absorbing light that is reflected off the ground or another material to produce solar energy. Bifacial panels are usually housed in a transparent layer, which can be a dual-glass design or made with a clear backsheet.

A research conducted by LONGi - a solar panel manufacturer, found that bifacial panels generates 11 percent more energy than standard solar panels in a tilted, ground-mounted solar installation. Additionally, light from the surface below the panel can be reflected back up to the bifacial panels. Generally, lighter colored surfaces like sand will lead to more reflected sunlight than darker surfaces like asphalt or dirt.



Benefits

BETTER PERFORMANCE

At a similar project size, more production at a slightly higher installation, so LCOE reduces.

HIGHER OUTPUT

Higher output of solar energy for projects on sites with high albedo (eg. deserts, white roofs, gravel).

AESTHETICS

Enhances the aesthetics of your building (eg. canopies and pergolas).



CASE STUDY

Report taken from www.pv-magazine.com/2019/02/28/if-not-bifacial-then-what/

Chinese module maker Jinko Solar and U.S. multinational DuPont have announced a 400 W 'Swan' bifacial solar module. The product is based on Jinko's 'Cheetah' solar cell line, with a clear version of DuPont's Tedlar PVF backsheet film. The module has standard aluminum framing and its makers say it can offer as much as 20% more electricity generation than monofacial products, in optimal conditions.

The companies suggest using a clear backsheet will bring similar electricity generation gains as a standard glass-on-glass bifacial module. However, the levelized cost of electricity produced by the panels is projected to be lower due to the new product fitting within already standardized aluminum-framed installation processes. That means lower labor costs, due to the lower weight of frames and without needing a second piece of glass on the back of the panel.

The warranty of the clear backsheet product matches that of standard backsheet products. Jinko and DuPont have been working together since at least 2015, with DuPont the sole backsheet supplier to its Chinese partner.

It is clear DuPont's backsheet business stands to lose a lot if solar modules shift to glass-on-glass structure, and the partners are definitely aiming to persuade the market double glass is not a done deal.

There is the possibility a product like this could make bifacial modules appropriate in all settings, instead of just in situations with highly refined installation design parameters – taking into account surface albedo, row to row spacing, tilt, clearance, undergrowth, location, sky diffusion – that Jinko Solar suggests are currently needed to maximize bifacial reflection.

Those variables drive the greatest gains from a solar power system and the most methodical project developers will maximize them. However, if the bifacial-with-backsheet process matches the prices and installation techniques associated with monofacial products, it could open new doors.

For instance, aesthetics drive customer demand for black cells on a black backsheet with a black frame – products that cost more but have lower efficiency. How will consumers react to a black frame around black cells but with a sprinkling of the natural color of their roof peeking through, rather than the black backsheet?

Commercial customers won't care. If any efficiency benefit comes from bifacial-with-backsheet panels in non-optimized installation conditions – tight against the roof, 5-15 degree angles, very tight installation rows – they could become the standard choice. In fact, that would add real value on top of white rooftops that are common in commercial settings.